According to the Hydrometeorological Center of Russia in the summer of 2015 the North and South have changed the temperature chart.
While Europe, Central Asia, Mexico, USA, Alaska, Middle East were sweltering, the European part of Russia, Scandinavia, India and China have felt the cold breath of the North Atlantic cyclone and experienced the coldest summer in the 21st century.
The average surface temperature of the Pacific Ocean in the Northern Hemisphere continued to grow during the year. The reason for that was the El Niño, dubbed Bruce Lee this year because it became one of the strongest over the last 65 years. Forecasters predict the 80% chance of El Niño will continue until the spring of 2016.
According to Australian scientists, in 2015 El Nino activity appeared earlier than usual - in May and not in June, as usual. Meteorologists associate the floods in Paraguay that took place in July this year, with the influence of El Niño.