Countries all over the world are getting ready to sign a global agreement on climate change which will substitute for Kyoto Protocol to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. Russian commitment is essential, the experts say.
Russia`s Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) implies reducing greenhouse gases emissions by 25-30% of 1990 levels by the year 2030, taking into account the absorbing capacity of Russian Boreal forests. This will set the path of low-carbon development in the Russian Federation.
Presidential Advisor on climate change issues Alexander Bedritsky claims that Russia has an active stand on the climate change issue, referring to the President`s speech made on the 70th session of the UN General Assembly. The expert is sure all the countries should be involved in addressing climate change. Moreover, Russian leaders believe the new agreement should be legally binding.
«Of course, I think the agreement will be signed. The member countries do not simply have a right to ignore this issue. Scientific evidence suggests that human impact is increasing, with developing countries contributing largely».
The Climate Change Programme Coordinator for WWF Russia Alexey Kokorin points out the main goals for Russia as a part of climate action and highlights the importance of signing the document at the Paris climate conference for all countries and Russia in particular.
Mr. Kokorin states that there is a huge difference between Kyoto Protocol and the new agreement. The latter is a complex multidimensional document which includes adaptation programme development, financial issues and a greenhouse gases emission regulation system implementation.
Russia is heating up 2.5 times faster than the world average. Therefore a serious adaptation program is required. This is what the first goal for Russia is about. The second goal is the commitment to maintain the GHG emissions on the stable level until 2030, Mr.Kokorin says. The expert also highlights the role of Russian Boreal forests – 2/3 of the world forests grow in Russia. In this context Alexey Kokorin sets the third goal – development of forest management and reforestation programmes aimed at increasing carbon dioxide absorption.
Financial issue is not the priority task for Russia at the Paris climate conference therefore Russian leaders will not be involved. Mr. Kokorin believes developed countries should invest in developing ones.