In May 2015, Russian government has signed the conception of carbon emissions monitoring, reporting and estimation, what may become one of the first steps to introduce special carbon regulations. The concept of low-carbon development is an economic model based on energy efficiency and conservation, mitigation of anthropogenic impact on the environment and low emissions of greenhouse gases.
Another important steps the Russian government took within 2015 were the accretion of eco-inspectors’ powers, regulations concerning waste management and evaluation of production industry from the point of view of its ecology impact.
Also, in 2015 the government has doubled the investments into the innovation sphere, promoting about 8.5 bln rubles and organizing the development of such areas as photonics, biotechnology and new production technologies.
Under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change in 2014, Russia has elaborated a plan to reduce carbon emissions down to the level 75% of those in 1990. The plan is to be introduced in the spheres of energy, transport, industry, agriculture, forestry and waste management.