As part of the recent "Open Innovations" they presented the National Report on innovations in Russia, developed by members of the Expert Council under the Government.
The report presents the current situation in the innovation sector in comparison with other countries, the model of development and the main shortcomings. The authors introduce the needs of the innovation segment development as a Maslow's hierarchy of needs, where the creation of a favorable environment for researches and innovations, the development of the cultural environment and infrastructure for the development of the segment is the foundation of the pyramid, and the top layers - targeted promotion of players.
According to the report, Russia is now driving the Asian model of development. It moves, basically, from the top to lower layers. That means that the state is the main sponsor and the customer of innovations in the country. The authors speak about the necessity of intellectual property regulation in the country, promotion of private investments and venture funds, creating a favorable cultural environment for researches, etc.
Also, the report highlights the need for a more structured approach to the sphere of innovations, the development of a unified system of its criteria and monitoring, building competitiveness and creation of an attractive environment for human capital.
Innovation sphere is extremely important for the implementation of the main objectives of low-carbon development in the country. In accordance with Russia's obligations under the new post-Kyoto agreement, it is to reduce carbon dioxide emissions down to 70-75% of 1990 level by 2030.