The latest research made by Alexey Galanin, Doctor of Geography in Russian Academy of Science (RAS), showed that during the last 60 years – since the global warming has begun – ice cap in Yakutia region has shrunk by 70% in height and 40% in area.
Moreover, the melting speed is increasing year to year, and there is no reverse process, which means that this may lead to serious river water volume increase in Yakutia region.
According to The Sakha Yakutia Republic Academy member, Doctor of Science, Viktor Shepelev, climate change is a cyclical phenomenon. Taking into consideration earlier research, global warming is expected to last until 2017-2020 followed by the fall of an average temperature in the next period which finishes in 2050-2060, Shepelev says.
Global warming has already led to the average surface temperature increase by 0,8 C since 1880, Nasa informs.
The reason for such consequences lies in human anthropogenic impact on the environment and particularly the increase of carbon dioxide emissions accumulated in the atmosphere due to production activities. However companies should indemnify for the damage in order to maintain acceptable environmental situation in cities and its regions.